Planning depends enterprise resources on a common database (called Master Data) and design software special, base is shared data allow departments working storage and retrieval of information in a period of activity, while the programmatic design management work to choose the necessary and arranged models and linked models suppliers and add special new models to improve performance. In the ideal case, the data is integrated between the different business processes, but in practice, resource planning system may include a set of disparate applications, each of which runs a separate data in a single database stores.
Origin named "enterprise resource planning" is the name of planning in English Enterprise Resource Planning, and means almost literal translation "enterprise resource planning", has this term originated from a regular "planning needs material MRP" - later renamed planning Manufacturing MRP2- resources and "the computerization of manufacturing" , it was presented by the Gartner research and analysis. Resource planning systems currently seeking to cover all the basic functions of an enterprise, regardless of whether they are commercial or not, Alasnaaah institutions and non-profit organizations and governments, are now able to use resource planning systems.
To be considered as ERP system, we must offer a software function two systems at least system, for example, software that provides both job payroll and accounting group can be considered as a technical resource planning system software, however, the term is dedicated larger and with a wider range of applications.
Provide resource planning system as an alternative to or more independent of the two applications excludes the need for internal interfaces required in the past between systems, and provides additional benefits ranging from standardization and maintenance at least (one system instead of two or more) and even report the capabilities of the best and easiest (including that the data stored in one database ). Examples of units in the ERP system, which are already individual applications include: manufacturing, supply chain, finance and customer relationship management, human resources, warehouse management and decision support system.
Look at planning solutions.
Some organizations -walta usually have the technical skill to integrate products Albermjah- choose to apply only parts of the resource planning system and the development of external interfaces to other systems, resource planning, or other independent systems for different application needs. For example, the organization can choose to use human resource management system of the supplier, and the use of financial systems from another supplier, then integration arise between the systems themselves.
This is common in the retail sector, where the store has separate applications for the products and financial point of sale, then a series of specialized applications to handle business requirements such as warehouses and lists of staff and marketing of goods and logistics management.
Ideally, resource planning database provides a single software designs include all the data, which include the following:
Engineering and bills of materials, scheduling, capacity, workflow management, quality control, cost management and manufacturing process and manufacturing projects and the path of industrialization
- Supply Chain Management - Cash orders, inventory, procurement and the problem of the product and supply chain planning and scheduling of suppliers and inspect the goods and the claims procedure and calculate commissions
- Finance - General ledger and cash management, accounts payable, accounts receivable and fixed assets
- Projects - Costs and invoices, expenses and management activity
- Human Resources - Salaries, training and preparation and the preparation of the daily menus and benefits
- Customer Relationship Management - Sales, marketing and commissions, services and customer contacts and telephone support center